When restoring and preserving a tooth is impossible, sometimes an emergency tooth extraction is the only option. A tooth extraction is when the entire tooth and its roots are entirely removed from the socket in the jawbone.
While an emergency tooth extraction can be a distressing experience, the skilled emergency dentists at Vero Dental Spa in Vero Beach, FL will make your treatment and rehabilitation process as comfortable and easy as possible.
When Do Teeth Need to Be Extracted?
There are a number of reasons why you might need a tooth extracted. When a tooth is cracked, broken, or severely decayed, we can usually fix it with a filling or crown. Unfortunately, in some cases, the damage is too severe for the tooth to be repaired.
In these cases, we will need to extract the teeth to put an end to tooth pain and prevent severe infections. More reasons you might need a tooth extracted include:
- Severe infection in the tooth. When tooth decay makes its way to the pulp (the center of the tooth with blood vessels and nerves), the tooth will need to be treated immediately. Typically, infections in the center of the tooth can be corrected with root canal therapy and antibiotics. However, in the event that the infection cannot be cured with a root canal, we will need to extract the tooth. If you have an infected tooth, you should get to our office as soon as possible. Not only can we stop the pain from an infected tooth, but the quicker we are able to treat the infection, the more likely we will be able to save the tooth.
- Advanced gum disease. When gum disease advances to the tissues and bone surrounding the teeth, it can make the teeth extremely loose. When gum disease causes gum recession, the underlying tooth structure is also overly sensitive to hot, cold, and even air. In some cases, it is better for your oral health to have the tooth extracted, then restored with a prosthesis.
- Impacted or crowded teeth. An impacted tooth occurs when the mouth is overcrowded, causing an incoming tooth to get stuck in the bone and gum tissue because there is no more space in the mouth for teeth to grow. Sometimes impacted teeth can cause a great deal of pain or infection, in which case the tooth will need to be extracted.
Preparing for a Tooth Extraction
Before removing a tooth, we will take a full assessment and x-rays of your mouth. If there is nothing we can do to preserve the tooth, we will use the x-rays to determine the best way to remove the tooth.
For a tooth extraction, we will recommend sedation, so you can feel comfortable during the extraction. For patients undergoing sedation, you will need to arrange someone to drive you home after your treatment.
Types of Tooth Extraction
Depending on the reason why your tooth needs to be extracted, there are 2 main types of extractions:
- A simple extraction. A simple extraction is the removal of a tooth that is visible in the mouth. In simple extractions, we will loosen the tooth with a professional dental tool called an elevator, then we use forceps to extract the tooth.
- A surgical extraction. Surgical extractions occur when the tooth is not visible above the gum line – either because it is broken off, or it has not erupted yet. Surgical extractions are more complex than simple extractions.
Pain-Free Tooth Extraction
Depending on the kind of extraction you need, we will use some form of anesthetic. For simple extractions, we will use a local anesthetic to numb the area of extraction. You can also opt for sedation medicine to help you relax in the event that you are nervous for the treatment.
For surgical extractions, we will use a local anesthetic, as well as suggest a more moderate sedation. During your tooth extraction, you may feel some pressure, but you should not feel any pain. In fact, most patients that need an emergency tooth extraction feel a tremendous amount of relief after their infected or severely damaged tooth is extracted.